HERBAL EXTRACTS FOR FERTILIZERS AND ADDITIVES INTO THE FEED OF ANIMALS, BIRDS AND FISH
It is known that nettle and lucerne are have been used as a green manure, i.e. the so-called "green fertilizers" and additives to animal feed, that are good accumulators of nitrogen and a complex of essential amino acids. It is a known fact that nettle and lucerne are rich in essential amino acids and essential elements that enable plant growth when their extracts are used in fertilizers, and also as a highly efficient additive to animal feed. The composition of herbal extracts includes a set of free L-amino acids: Aspartic acid, Glutamic acid, Alanine, Arginine, Valine, Histidine, Leucine, Lysine, Serine, Tyrosine, Threonine, Phenylalanine, and Mezine.

The main value of nettle fertilizer is in the high nitrogen content, as well as the presence of calcium, magnesium, iron and copper. All these substances contribute to the active growth of greenery, prevent chlorosis, accelerate the processes of blooming and fruit setting.
According to our research, zeolites enriched with herbal extracts are used as fertilizers for planting agricultural and forestry crops, as well as for the cultivation of depleted soils and disturbed lands' remediation. The technical problem to be solved by this invention, is to expand the arsenal of technical means of a specific purpose, namely, to create a method for obtaining an organomineral biofertilizer with a high efficiency, prolonged action that would enable to apply smaller fertilizer doses to the soil.

The benefit of nettle fertilizer is that after its implementation the plants start growing better, bloom faster; and if applied under adult fruit-bearing plants, it will contribute to the accumulation of simple carbohydrates in the fruits, which therefore become sweeter in taste. This fertilizer is suitable for root and foliar applications. Its application increases chlorophull synthesis; plant tissues are saturated with minerals that roots absorb from the soil. In addition to minerals, nettle contains vitamins, organic acids, tannins and phytoncides. All these compounds have a positive effect on the growth and development of plants, on their productivity and taste characteristics of fruits.

When the nettle fertilizer is applied to the plants, their roots begin to grow actively, become more resistant to diseases and attack by some pests. The positive effect of such applications can be most quickly noticed on weakened plants (especially after transplantation): after a short period of time they become stronger, and their leaves acquire a healthy green color. The main value of any nettle infusion for plant nutrition is that beneficial bacteria multiply in the liquid that then enters the soil and process plant residues and organic located therein.
Nettle is a valuable feed
Nettle is widely used for feeding various types of animals in the form of green fodder, vitamin flour, silage mixed with carbohydrate-containing plants. Granules, briquettes, protein-vitamin concentrates are prepared with it.
All types of feed from this culture are highly nutritious and complete, because of a large amount of protein, carotene, vitamins of B, C, D, E, PP groups, organic acids, macro- and microelements. Even small quantities of nettle in the diet of animals and birds significantly increases their productivity.

The economic value of nettle is that, with the same environmental factors of cultivation, it provides a yield 1.5-2.0 times higher compared to traditional crops used in modern fodder production. Not only do the greens help to diversify the diet of broiler chickens, but they also allow for saving on expensive mineral and vitamin supplements. They contains a whole range of substances that positively affect both the immune system and digestion.

Its fresh stems and leaves contain carotene (provitamin A), vitamins K, B2, C, formic acid, tannins, sugar, and starch. In terms of nutritional value, it is close to legumes: the content of carotene in it is higher than in carrots, and the content of ascorbic acid is higher than in blackcurrant. In terms of the mineral content, nettle surpasses all other similar fodder plants. For example, it contains five times more of copper and zinc, and three times more of iron and manganese, in comparison with lucerne.
The composition of the plant includes calcium, phosphorus and potassium, which strengthen the backbone, and also contribute to its full development. It also contains relatively a large amount of protein, while fats are practically absent. This allows not only to saturate the body of chickens with vitamins and minerals, but also to increase the total calorie content of the diet.

The proportion of nettle should not exceed 20% in order to ensure that the food for young animals is not only nutritious, but is also healthy.

Due to the presence of protein, the richness of vitamins and microelements, nettle even small quantities, has a positive effect on the productivity of farm animals. Cows increase milk yield, fat content of milk, and lengthen the lactation period. The mortality of chickens and piglets is reduced. The egg production and egg size of chickens is increased. In addition, it stimulates the reproductive function of animals.
Long ago observant owners noticed that feeding nettle to chickens prevents diseases and increases egg production. This is predetermined by its healing properties.
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